Gonchi region has formed on December 5, 1929. The total area of ??the region is 1588.7 square kilometers.
Administrative Center is urban village Gonchi.
The economy of the region consists of five industrial enterprises, agriculture (the total area is ??1.28 thousand sq. meters.). The agencies of energy, construction, transportation, communication, utilities and water management, services, education, culture, health, national, regional governmental and non-governmental organizations are working.
The periodical press represented by the newspaper "Ovozi Gonchi" (that is Voice of Gonchi).
The population is about 138 196 people on 1st of January, 2009. The population density is 87.2 persons per 1 sq.km.